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Intralesional steroid in the era of propranolol for infantile hemangioma- Do we need it?

Published:November 23, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2022.11.038

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Despite its effectivity, there are reports of poor response to propranolol in treatment of infantile hemangioma (IH). The literature is limited on the type of IH, which fails to respond to propranolol. This study was conducted to analyze which type of hemangioma respond poorly to propranolol and the effects of intralesional triamcinolone (IL TMC) in them.

      Material and methods

      In this prospective cohort study, IH was classified as superficial, deep, and mixed. The clinical details were recorded. Propranolol was started in the patients at a dose of 1mg/kg/day and increased to 2-3mg/kg/day. The response to the treatment was evaluated as excellent, good, poor, and no response. IL TMC was given in the non-responding group in a dose of 1-2mg/kg at one month interval for a total of six doses after stopping propranolol.

      Results

      Ninety six patients (median age 7 months, M:F= 2:1) were treated. Superficial hemangioma was present in 40 (41.7%), deep in 10 (10.4%), and mixed in 46 (47.9%) patients. The response was statistically better if initiated within four months of age. It was not influenced by the sex, number, site, or size. The response was statistically better in superficial hemangioma. IL TMC was administered in the 16 patients. The response was good or excellent in 10 patients.

      Conclusion

      Propranolol will be used as a first line of drug for IH. All superficial IH are likely to respond. There will be a possibility of non-responding mixed or deep IH. Use of IL TMC seems reasonable for IH not responding to propranolol.

      Key words

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