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Transoral excision of dermoid cyst: Is it a cosmetic approach that can ensure safety?

  • Jong-Lyel Roh
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: Prof. Jong-Lyel Roh. Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do 13496, Republic of Korea. Phone: +82-31-780-2988; Fax: +82-31-780-3449.
    Affiliations
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
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Published:November 23, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2022.11.035

      Summary

      Dermoid cysts are glow-growing benign lesions that can occur anywhere through the body and also are found as bulging cystic masses in sublingual, submental, or submandibular spaces. Surgical treatment is recommended by complete excision of the dermoid cysts in these regions, usually through an external neck incision. However, the transcervical approach may leave visible incision scars on the neck, a cosmetically sensitive area. This study aimed to examine the safety and effectiveness of transoral excision of dermoid cysts.

      Methods

      This observational study included 15 patients who underwent transoral excision of dermoid cysts. Any complications were recorded. The patient's pain and cosmetic satisfaction with the face and neck were measured using a visual analogue scale (VAS) score (0-10).

      Results

      There were no postoperative complications. The VAS score for pain showed a median score of 3 (range 1-5) on the first day of discharge, and the patient's cosmetic satisfaction with the face and neck examined three months after surgery was a median score of 9 (range 7-10). No recurrence was observed.

      Conclusion

      Transoral excision of dermoid cysts is safe without complications and provides cosmetic satisfaction to the patient.

      Keywords

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