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Ocular-periocular burns in a tertiary hospital: Epidemiologic characteristics

Published:November 01, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2022.10.049

      Summary

      Purpose

      Ocular burns are ophthalmic emergencies that can cause devastating injuries. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiology, complications, and management of ocular-periocular burns.

      Methods

      A total of 193 patients with ocular-periocular burns were admitted to our tertiary hospital from January 2018 to December 2020. The demographic characteristics of the patients, injury variables, complications, and treatments were evaluated.

      Results

      There were 142 male (73.6%) and 51 female (26.4%) patients with a mean age of 32.53±17.75 years. The average total body surface area was 12% (range, 1–80%). Injuries were most common at work (52.3%) and home (36.3%). Thermal burns were the most common injuries (74.6%), followed by chemical (14.5%) and electrical burns (10.9%). Alkaline agents (75.0%), mainly sodium hydroxide and lime, were common in chemical burns. Superficial lid burns were significantly higher in the thermal group (p < 0.001), and grade III-IV corneal burns were significantly higher in the chemical group (p < 0.001). Various complications were developed in 50 (13%) eyes. Medical treatment only was performed in 318 (82.4%) eyes, and additional surgical treatment was performed in 64 (17.6%) eyes; however, 54 (14.0%) underwent more than one surgery. The most common complications were corneal scars (7.3%), limbal deficiency (4.1%), and ectropion (3.9%). The most frequent procedures performed were amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) (11.9%) and tarsorrhaphy (6.7%).

      Conclusion

      Chemical burns, limbal and conjunctival ischemia, and full-thickness eyelid defects had a poor prognosis. The degree of limbal deficiency and ınjury of intraocular structures were found to have a great influence on the outcome of their visual acuity.

      Keywords

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