Correspondence and Communications| Volume 76, P306-307, January 2023

Trends in Female Representation at Plastic Surgery Meetings: A Move Toward Gender Equity at the Podium

Published:October 14, 2022DOI:


      Anecdotally, female plastic surgeons are disproportionately underrepresented as speakers, moderators, and panelists at national and regional plastic surgery meetings. No studies have attempted to quantify female representation at Plastic Surgery The Meeting (PSTM). The objective of our study is to examine trends in female participation at PSTM. Names of participating plastic surgeons and their conference positions were obtained from PSTM meeting programs between 2015-2020. Conference positions included instructor, lead, lecturer, moderator, panelist, or other. Presentations were grouped as the following: conference/symposium; general session; instructional course; and lab. An automated gender assignment tool ( was used to determine the gender of participants. Descriptive statistics and trend analyses using Cochran-Armitage trend tests were performed. Between 2015-2020, 3,382 individuals (602 females, 17.8%) presented at PSTM in one of the instructional or moderating roles. Female presenters at PSTM increased from 60 (12.4%) in 2015, to 155 (26.5%) by 2020. The results for the proportion of females presenting in the general session and the instructional courses were statistically significant (p < .0001; p =.029), demonstrating a positive linear trend in the female proportions over the years. From 2015 to 2020, the proportions of females holding positions as moderators, panelists, and “other” increased significantly (p = .011; p = .011; p < .0001). Although female participation at PSTM has shown substantial growth over the last five years, there still exists a considerable gender imbalance. Notably, females were less likely to hold prominent positions, such as instructors, leads, or lecturers.


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      Linked Article

      • Trends in gender representation among plastic surgery award recipients
        Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic SurgeryVol. 79
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          In October 2022, Stewart et al. published a communication in this journal on female participation at Plastic Surgery The Meeting in the years 2015–2020.1 They discovered that female participation increased significantly during this interval (p < .001), however females were considerably less likely to hold prominent positions in conference leadership. We sought to further the work of Stewart et al. by describing the gender distribution in awards granted by major plastic surgery societies in the United States.
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