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Associated anomalies and diagnostic approach in lumbosacral and perineal haemangiomas: Case report and review of the literature

  • M. de Graaf
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Dermatology & Allergology, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • S.G.M.A. Pasmans
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Dermatology & Allergology, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • A.M. van Drooge
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Dermatology & Allergology, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • R.A.J. Nievelstein
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Radiology, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • R.H.J. Gooskens
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Neurology, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • M.F. Raphael
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Hematology & Oncology, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • C.C. Breugem
    Affiliations
    Department of Paediatric Plastic Surgery, Center for Congenital Vascular Anomalies Utrecht, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Published:October 23, 2012DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2012.09.031
      Most infantile haemangiomas (IH) do not require further examination. However, some IH are associated with underlying congenital malformations or are part of a syndrome, like PHACE-syndrome.
      • Haggstrom A.N.
      • Drolet B.A.
      • Baselga E.
      • et al.
      Prospective study of infantile haemangiomas: clinical characteristics predicting complications and treatment.
      IH in the lumbosacral and perineal region can be associated with anomalies, like intraspinal-, urogenital-, and anorectal malformations. Different terms, used to describe these IH and their associated anomalies, are PELVIS, SACRAL, and LUMBAR syndrome.
      • Iacobas I.
      • Burrows P.E.
      • Frieden I.J.
      • et al.
      LUMBAR: association between cutaneous infantile haemangiomas of the lower body and regional congenital anomalies.
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