Research Article| Volume 65, ISSUE 12, e338-e343, December 2012

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The impact of the menstrual cycle on intra-operative and postoperative bleeding in abdominoplasty patients

Published:October 08, 2012DOI:



      Hormonal changes that take place during the menstrual cycle may have an effect on perioperative bleeding. Previous studies have confirmed a relationship between the menstrual cycle and surgical bleeding in rhinoplasty and breast reduction surgery; yet both surgical sites display changes in accordance with sex hormone levels during the menstrual phase.


      The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the menstrual cycle on perioperative bleeding when undergoing surgeries of sites not directly related to menstrual hormonal changes.

      Materials and methods

      Forty-one patients undergoing abdominoplasty were grouped as group A – perimenstrual (0–7, 21–28 days), group B – periovulatory (8–20 days) and group C – postmenopausal. Intra-operative blood loss was calculated during surgery while postoperative blood loss was determined by measuring the amount of drainage. All menstrual data were recorded. Age, body mass index and weight of the resected tissue were also considered as factors that can affect the amount of bleeding and therefore were also evaluated in terms of significance.


      There was no significant difference between groups regarding intra-operative and postoperative blood loss. Body mass index and weight of the resected tissue had a strong influence on the time of drain removal and the amount of intra-operative and postoperative blood loss.


      This study strongly suggests that the menstrual period does not affect perioperative blood loss for operations on areas less sensitive to sex hormone levels such as the abdomen. In light of the results, we can conclude that the patient's menstrual date is not of vital importance regarding perioperative blood loss when planning surgery for areas with less sensitivity to menstrual hormonal changes.


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