Surgeons are commonly confronted with breast contour deformities and defects that result from previous surgical interventions. These soft tissue deformities can be corrected by conventional reconstructive flap surgery using autologous tissue, but there can be donor site morbidity. Smaller volume replacement is possible using temporary fillers such as hyaluronic acid or polylactic acid, or by using ‘permanent’ fillers such as autologous fat, but large defects are notoriously difficult to fill and often the fillers resorb or migrate.
The patient described in this case report had an exchange of polyurethane implant (PU) in the left breast and correction of a contralateral breast contour filling deformity. A left breast partial capsulectomy was performed after implant removal and the capsule graft was inserted into a predissected pocket where soft tissue augmentation was required. A biopsy from the PU capsule was reported to show a foreign body type giant cell reaction to PU material in a fibrous capsule, lined by synovial metaplasia. The post-operative result showed satisfactory soft tissue revolumisation.
PU breast implant structured capsule has thus been used as filler to correct breast soft tissue deformity and contour defects. Clearly it may have a use in other anatomical sites.
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Published online: April 16, 2012
Accepted: March 21, 2012
Received: March 10, 2012
© 2012 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.