To achieve optimal outcomes in reduction malarplasty, it is important to preserve the natural curvature of the cheek while reducing the zygoma prominence and the width of the midface. The present article introduces an effective technique that aims to achieve these purposes.
Through an intraoral approach, boomerang-shaped bone incision lines are marked on the anterior aspect of the zygomatico-maxillary junction. The lines are placed medial to the most prominent part of the zygoma. The zygomatic arch is divided at its posterior part through a small incision made in the pre-auricular region. By performing these manoeuvres, a unit of bone–composed of a part of the zygoma body and zygomatic arch – is mobilised. The mobilised bone is shifted medially, reducing the width of the midface and making the zygoma region less prominent. After performing reduction malarplasty for 89 patients (10 males and 79 females) using this technique, clinical outcomes were evaluated.
Outcomes of the treatment was optimal, with over 80% of the patients evaluating the results as excellent in terms of effectiveness in malar prominence, facial width and symmetry.
Because the continuity of the main part of the zygoma body and zygomatic arch is preserved in our technique, medial transfer of the zygoma is enabled while preserving the natural curvature of the malar region and the superior–inferior position of the zygomatic arch. Because of these advantages, we recommend our technique as an effective technique of reduction malarplasty.
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Published online: January 27, 2012
Accepted: December 24, 2011
Received: March 26, 2011
© 2012 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.