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Pre-expansion before risk reducing mastectomy combined with lipomodelling to enhance results from implant based reconstruction

Published:September 19, 2011DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2011.09.016

      Summary

      Implant based breast reconstruction after risk reducing mastectomy (RRM) is challenging as implants are inadequately covered in their lower pole. Also complication rates with one stage procedures are significant.
      We describe a novel method of pre-expansion by inserting subpectoral anatomical expandable implants to prepare the breast mound before RRM is carried out. Lipomodelling is later used to enhance the overall result of the reconstruction. Six patients who were BRCA 1 mutation carriers requested bilateral RRM. Median age was 31. All were non-smokers. Anatomical expandable implants were inserted via an inframammary incision and were expanded in the next two months. RRM was carried out 6–13 months later and was followed by lipomodelling seven months afterwards. Four patients had a nipple sparing mastectomy. In three cases access was via the previous inframammary scar.
      In all cases complete implant cover had been achieved. There were no early postoperative complications but one patient has developed grade III capsular contracture on the side of previous wide local tumour excision and radiotherapy. Five patients have so far undergone post-mastectomy lipomodelling to improve breast contour. In conclusion, we believe that our technique provides better aesthetic results with reduced complication rates for these patients.

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