Lower eyelid scaring and malposition following violation of all three lamellae pose a significant ophthalmologic reconstructive challenge. The purpose of our study was to document a staged approach for this problem using: 1) transconjunctival scar release followed by palatal graft below the tarsal plate and subciliary scar release followed by full-thickness skin graft superficial to the tarsal plate and 2) subsequent autologous fat grafting to the lower eyelid.
Cadaveric anatomic dissections were performed. Post-traumatic and post-surgical lower eyelid deformities requiring reconstruction were reviewed and outcome assessment was based on symptomatic improvement, perioperative complications, reoperations and long-term follow-up (> 1 year).
Cadaver dissections demonstrated consistent lower eyelid tarsal plate and lamellar anatomy for the use of palatal graft and skin grafting. Clinically, 75% cases resulted from full thickness traumatic laceration of the lower eyelid or malar region and 25% of cases occurred after transconjunctival incisions were made for zygomatic maxillary repositioning following partial lower eyelid laceration.
Preoperative symptoms of: epiphora, tearing, redness, blurry vision and dryness improved in all patients and complete resolution was seen in 63% of patients. Thirty-seven percent of patients had complications: Redundancy of palatal graft, Partial FTSG loss, cellulitis after fat transfer.
We describe an approach for the scarred and displaced lower eyelid following injury to all three lamellae that provided symptomatic improvement after lower lid scar tissue release, lengthening of the contracted septum, support of the posterior lamellae with a palatal graft and a replacement of anterior lamella with full thickness skin graft.
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Published online: August 29, 2011
Accepted: July 22, 2011
Received: April 11, 2011
© 2011 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.